According to Einstein matter = energy according to the well-known formula E = m x C².
Matter consists of atoms, therefore the atom with its components consists of energy. Even the smallest known components of the atom consist of energy parts.
Mass and thus energy can only be determined by their force effect (measuring). Since the force effect can never be measured directly at the energy particle, we cannot determine the real energy of the part by measuring it.
If we think about how the force effect is with an energy particle, then we come to the conclusion that the force effect must be evenly distributed in all directions, according to the formula, energy through the surface of a sphere (E / 4 x r² x π). Afterwards the force decreases strongly at the beginning and then slower and slower. This fits to the strong and then weak energy of physics.
In the electron is a positive energy particle, which is evenly surrounded by negative energy particles. The negative energy particles form a uniformly structured spherical shell. The spherical shell is divided into isosceles triangles. The distance to the positive energy particle is the same for all negative energy particles.
The positron is clearly larger than the electron. In principle also constructed with positive and negative energy particles. But here there are more than a thousand energy particles. It has a slight surplus of positive energy.
The neutron is slightly larger than the positron and is in principle constructed in the same way, only it has the same number of both energy particles. And they have the same effect on the outside.
The negative force of the energy particles is as great as the positive.
Since the energy particles are close to each other, there is a very strong force that holds the nuclei together. But it decreases quickly. We imagine, as discussed earlier, that the energy is evenly distributed on the environment. Then it is distributed on the surface of a spherical space. Since the energy is evenly distributed on the surface, we divide it by the surface of the sphere and set how the energy is distributed over a given area. We can see that the energy decreases strongly at the beginning, and then slower and slower for a surface of the same size. If the diameter doubles by almost a third, the process continues with increasing diameter. With a tenfold diameter it is already less than one three hundredth of the energy. With a diameter one hundred times less than a thirty thousandth part. If you consider how small the energy particles are, you can imagine that the energy just above the core has decreased very much. The energy that holds the core together is therefore very strong. However, because it is so weak, it is not visible outside of the core any more than the energy of the core.
Because the energy particles have a relatively large distance to each other, they still attract the neighbouring atoms with their negative and positive charges. Because the charges are mixed, there are both attracting and repelling effects. The force effect is therefore much less than if they are attracted by only one type of energy particle.
The electrons that are attracted by the nucleus, like the nucleus by the electron, use a part of the energy of each other, so that this energy is no longer available for the further attraction or repulsion of other particles.
When measuring the atomic nucleus, we do not measure the real diameter of the nucleus, but only the radius where the repulsion force is stronger than the force pulse of the measurement. Therefore the nuclear diameter of a muon is different from that of an electron.
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